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By Scott Farmer, MS, CES, CSCS, CHFI
Sports nutrition is a very important part of an athletes’ training regiment. Unfortunately most athletes, especially young athletes, think quantity is the answer to improving performance. So many athletes invest in their training by increasing calories (many
unhealthy) while mortgaging their performance and long-term health (increasing their fat
True, when an athlete trains there is a possible need for extra calories to help facilitate the
effects from training. However most athletes go well beyond their caloric need and
consume too many calories. More times than not, athletes consume foods from unhealthy
source like fast food or take in large quantities of calories from protein supplements
through shakes, pills and/or bars. Athletes consume these extra calories, thinking the
added consumptions will increase strength and produce productive weight gains. Most of
these extra calories are converted to fat - fat weight is not productive. Regardless of the
form of food/substrate intake, if the calories go beyond that which is truly required by the
body, those calories will be convert to triglycerides in the liver and stored as fat. This
storage of non-productive mass takes away form athletic performance (especially in
hockey, basketball, volleyball, track, and many positions in football) by causing
premature fatigue and decreased acceleration/explosiveness.
There has been controversy over the years in the sports community on how much
nutritional supplementation is needed to enhance athletic performance. Overwhelmingly,
the answer keeps coming back as NOT MUCH, IF ANY. Because sport nutrition is such
a comprehensive and complex area of study, and because it goes way beyond the scope
this program, I am just going to lie out some very simple nutritional guidelines. These
recommendations will be more than adequate in complimenting your conditioning
Since most of my career has been working in cardiology as therapist and lifestyle
management counselor, I will recommend eating for your health!!! Heart disease is a
condition that starts in early childhood, mainly because children learn sedentary lifestyle
and poor eating habits. Getting young people into sports, of any kind, is very positive.
The last thing a parent should do is teach and reinforce poor eating habits simply because
they are under the false impression that a high calorie diet, usually coming from higher
levels of fat, will help improve athletic performance. The pinnacle of human performance
is athletic competition. Remember, when you eat for optimal health you’ll achieve
optimal human performance for the hockey season and the REST OF YOUR LIFE.
Food Components Dietary breakdown comes in three general categories; macronutrients- carbohydrate,
protein and fats; micronutrients – vitamins and minerals and water.
Scott M Farmer MS. CSCS., CES
Minnesota Health Fitness and Sports ™
President and Owner
Exercise Physiologist and Strength Coach
Certified Cardiac Therapist
State Certified Smoking Cessation Counselor
Waiora Consultant and Broker
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Scott holds a master's degree in exercise physiology. He is certified as a Strength and Conditioning Specialist through the National Strength and Conditioning Association and as a Clinical Exercise Specialist through the American College of Sports Medicine. Scott has also studied hockey specific training under Peter Twist, an eleven-year veteran strength conditioning coach for the Vancouver Canucks.
Athletically, Scott has played and trained in sports for over 30 years; having played High School, College, Semi-Pro and Amateur baseball. He has coached athletes from the little league level up to high school and is a certified hockey coach with USA Hockey TM
Scott Farmer MS, CSCS, CES (Coordinator)
Bachelor Degree in Exercise Physiology. University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 1990
Master Degree in Exercise Physiology with an emphasis cardiac rehab and counseling. Old Dominion University, Norfolk VA 1992
Certified Clinical Exercise Specialist. American College of Sports Medicine 1994 to present
Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist. National Strength and Conditioning Association 2001 to present
Board member of Minnesota Association of Cardiovascular and Pulmonary Rehabilitation (MNACVPR) 1994 to 2004
President of MNACVPR 1996
Cardiac Therapist/Clinical Cardiology 1992 to 2005
Owner of Minnesota Health, Fitness and Sports org. 2002
Smoking Cessation counselor 1995 to present
Minnesota state smoking cessation counselor 2003 to present
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